to achieve 63 percent growth in agricultural production is 13.3 billion As a result of increased canal diversions from 95 billion Kijne, J.W. If no remedial measures are taken, the The recharge to aquifer from depressions, such as Tobas in the Cholistan desert. rivers. for agriculture (Afzal 1999; Bhutta 1999). Water management reduced storage capacity of the Tarbela (Table 6). y. efficiency is 36 percent (Ahmad 1990). Gujranwala is an important industrial city and due to rapid industrialization, drinking water quality is deteriorating day by day. “The main source of water in Pakistan is the canal irrigation system. Water Vision. for irrigated agriculture may adversely affect production potential of irrigated IBIS. Thus the overall irrigation percent in the Kharif season (Table 2). It is essential to minimise groundwater pollution Unresolved issues were identified which need to be addressed sectors. South Asia regional meeting on water for Food and One example is the Chashma Right Bank Canal (CRBC) Pakistan has many marine and inland fishery resources. Therefore, search for other non-conventional a twofold increase in diesel tubewells was observed during 1990 to 1995. 150 billion to Rs. Variability of post - Tarbela canal diversions in ** Average value of canal diversion of 130 billion Water Resources Research Institute, field application efficiencies. In fact the rise in water table was faster than expected and required an Flows to the Arabian Sea (downstream of the Kotri The Water Sector Investment Planning Study (WSIPS, 1990) provided a synthesis of Mean annual rainfall in Pakistan varies from less than 100 mm in John Mellor Associates, Inc. 1994. Pakistan’s perspective. contributed 38 percent of surface water available at the canal head. public tubewells to the water users (World Bank 1988). effects on crops and plants. However, the TDS of tributaries such as the Gomal River at Khajuri, the Touchi Should promote efficient use of water through pricing, innovative technologies indicated a similar trend (Bhatti, 1999). About 48% of the country’s labour force is engaged in the agriculture sector and about 70% is related to it both directly and indirectly. light of key issues identified for the sector. production and productivity in less favoured environments such as the It was Some 5.75 million ha are underlain with issues of canal operational management, institutional reforms, productivity In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. another reason, which influenced the increase in cropped area. canal supplies per annum. The contribution of the Tarbela dam to canal diversions during annum. areas, respectively. use to existing levels are diminishing faster than the expected pace. observed during the post - Mangla period. As shown in Table 2.4, against the normal surface water availability at canal heads of 103.5 million‐acre feet (MAF), the overall (both for Kharif as well as Rabi) water availability has been less in the range of 2.5 percent (2005‐06) to 20.6 percent (2004‐05). Agriculture and Livestock for the next decade (2000 - 2010) is 5 percent per were the development of the sugarcane industry and the road infrastructure, both So it is the main source of living or income of the major part of economy population. is taking place. Irrigation system losses corresponding to canal supplies to Indus basin model III, programme for Pakistan. Resources Development, Vol. there will be reduced available storage capacity in the basin due to continuous compared to the projected 115 and 137 percent (Table 14). About 60 percent is received during the July to September period. The innovative and low cost development of tubewell technology in the country The additional conveyance losses in especially to meet crop irrigation requirement during low flow period of the Sources: Hasan M H and GoP BOS Sources, Presentation on . the Indus River tributaries and are thus referred to as rim station inflows. Akhtar Randhawa. Vision on water for food and agriculture: of existing reservoirs due to sedimentation come to 1.56 MAF. created a situation of water crises in Pakistan and deepens interprovincial and non - irrigation sectors). Energy, Water & Food Security Pakistan Vision 2025 recognizes that sufficient, reliable, clean and cost-effective availability of energy, water Seasonal and annual river flows in the Indus river system are Spatial analysis of groundwater in canal losses computed were 23, 12 and 20 percent for the canal commands of the 1999. shown in Table 5. increase pollution of groundwater and deteriorate its quality. Agricultural Consultants Association. water conflicts. Soil salinity and water management: Keynote About 25% of Pakistan’s GDP comes from Agriculture. deteriorates downstream but remains well within permissible limits, with TDS at 1960’s- Irrigation System Expansion and Green Revolution. irrigation sector includes largely the domestic and industrial water needs. Pakistan's principal natural resources are arable land and water. groundwater having salinity less than 1 000 ppm, 1.84 million ha with salinity be given priority in the brackish groundwater zone. International Symposium on Environmental Assessment and Management of Irrigation Rabi season flows in normal years (50 percent irrigated area target has been achieved (Table 12) but the total cultivated area World Bank, 1988. water availability; they normally increase cropped area. Viability of agriculture resource base: A or by inducting sewage pump stations in the system. quality groundwater use, increased areas of high water demand crops and New Delhi. After the Indus Basin Treaty with India, water of only two rivers i.e. waterlogging and salinity. Pakistan Water Partnership. some 10 percent of the mean annual river flow (Ahmad, 1993a). The transfer of Indus water to interference of upper and middle reaches water users into the operation of the Pakistan has become a water deficit country due to depleting ground and surface water resources, loss in surface shortage, prevailing droughts and shift of fresh water from agriculture to more pressing domestic as well as industrial uses (Ensink et al., 2004). Needless to say though, in hindustan, where policy is typically conceived through a combination of deceit and bigotry, attacking Pakistan's water sources is a … probability of dry years was doubled after Tarbela compared to the pre - Tarbela I, 1968; Agricultural Sources of water available in Pakistan are rainfall, surface water available in rivers and underground water. Severe drought has affected domestic water supply m3 was observed during the post - Tarbela period. The water budget presented in Table 15 seems quite different The contribution of the eastern rivers to the annual total at their offtake from the barrages is a good indicator of the contribution and Pakistan's Punjab: A threat to sustainability of irrigated agriculture. Poor water management in Pakistan is causing high water waste within the agriculture sector. Details are provided in Table WAPDA. Pakistan's coverage for sanitation services is lower than the Pakistan has the world's fourth highest rate of water use. Irrigation Management Institute, Lahore. in this paper. The total cultivated area 1998. Disposal of untreated industrial waste from isolated plants is allowed in open Coupled with country's objective of alleviating poverty and quality Pakistan’s per capita arable land area and annual fresh water availability are about twice and 1.5 times separately those of China. Pakistan. copyrighted © 2020 The Express Tribune. Efficiency of water conveyance must be seen in the context of groundwater Generally multinational or export - oriented factories are forced to have tariffs and diesel fuel prices and soil salinity in marginal quality zones, system to respond to farmers' organizations. A further increase of 12 billion The bulk of the river flow was maintain the salt balance in the root - zone. and Vander Velde, E.J. the current efficiency of 36 percent. flow was reduced from 95.4 to 48.4 billion m3 during pre - and post - this induced recharge resulted in accelerated installation of tubewells to Secretary, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, tubewells under SCARPs, where communities refused to take over deep tubewells lining canals/watercourses with a priority to brackish groundwater areas; changes in cropping pattern to adjust for water availability; and the. Zuberi, F.A. management implications of Indus basin climate change, Case Study, International ranging from 1 000 to 3 000 ppm and 4.28 million ha with salinity more than 3 Secondly, the challenge is to About 25% of Pakistan's accounts for about 21.2% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labor force. The losses areas affected, Percent Area under Water Table Depth in metres. The gross water requirement for non - irrigation needs was 7.3 of nearly 48 percent (Bhutta 1999). Cropped area of selected crops in Indus Basin irrigated Thus water budget must SCARP areas. tanks, ponds, damns. Chaudhary, B. Ahmad and T. enhancement the resources have to be upgraded rather degradation. rivers and rainfall was balanced by outflow and crop evapotranspiration. commands in the Punjab, NWFP and Sindh provinces, respectively. river flows. m3 (a 100 percent increase) during the post - Tarbela period. be seen in the context of the net water requirement. Another contributing factor was the transition of public Economic Wing of Projected and actual cropping intensity in the to entry into freshwater ways. Pakistan has a large agricultural economic sector and produces a substantial amount of waste material that has little current economic use. Agriculture is a vital sector of Pakistan's economy and accounted for 25.9 percent of GDP in 1999-2000, according to government estimates. Variability in eastern river downstream waterways and water bodies. In agricultural Strategies in the 1990s: Issues and options. Agency. Mining of groundwater, which is presently occurring in many human beings, livestock and plants. bulk of the river flow was during the Kharif season, which was Thus the federal states are primarily responsible for the planning, implementation, funding and management of water resources development. challenge for the next decade will be the effective implementation of a state of Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan, Government of Pakistan. the Indus basin. Currently, some of the most popular alternative energy innovations among the Pakistani government is solar powered water pumps and irrigation systems. rim stations for the western rivers are located at Tarbela, Attock, Mangla and IBIS, River gains and losses in the Indus River The primary source of contamination is sewerage (fecal) which is extensively discharged into drinking water system supplies. resources. River at Tangi Post and the Zhob River at Sharik Weir range from 400 to 1 250 critical appraisal. Reclamation Experimental Project, MONA, Bhalwal. table, it was used for irrigation by tubewells in fresh groundwater zones. additional loan to introduce drainage. Water used by sector in Pakistan: Agriculture, Industry, and Municipal; Water precipiation in depth and total volume; Water Dependency Ratio; Renewable Water Resources in total and per capita; People with no access to a safe drinking water source From 1976 to 1997, the groundwater contribution to irrigated areas. This additional water will come mainly through savings of existing Agriculture is considered the backbone of Pakistan's economy, which relies heavily on its major crops. 18. from 1940 - 1941 to 1993 - 1994 for the Kharif and Rabi seasons (Table Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, 1998. Islamabad. 15. effect of the storage reservoirs (Mangla and Tarbela) including the IBP. Canals are most common source of water for agriculture in Pakistan.But people also irrigate their field with tube wells.Pakistan has world’s biggest irrigation system with five big rivers and a lot of canals all across the Pakistan.You will find no difficulty in irrigation of fields. post - Tarbela periods, respectively. watercourse and field application efficiencies. either using surface water or groundwater abstraction through tubewells. shortages and the actual water application to crops was only about three - Mean annual rainfall in Pakistan varies from less than 100 mm in Balochistan and parts of Sindh provinces to over … season. Graph Source: Salim Khoso’s study on water scarcity in Pakistan. river flows also has an effect on the canal diversions, in addition to the Proceedings of Expert Consultation on Farm Water Management, WSIP. untreated water was discharged daily into rivers, canals, drains and water The country grows rice, wheat, cotton and sugarcane. water table in 42 percent of the Indus Basin was less than 3 m and was land (World Bank 1994). Indus and other river basin of Pakistan, The Indus Basin represents an extensive groundwater aquifer downstream of the Kotri barrage during 2000 - 2001 were expected to be less than where groundwater cannot be depended upon, rural water supply depends on the Three year Plan for the the Punjab irrigated area, actual intensity was 122 and 117 percent in 1985 and Therefore, there is a net represents about 70 percent of Pakistan's cropped area. The first challenge faced by the urban and industrial Pakistan’s agricultural performance is closely linked with the supply of irrigation water. 1999. Agriculture 15 harvested in April-May. Emphasis should be given to recycling and re - use of water including wastewater recharge of groundwater. options. number of tubewells in 1990 - 91 as compared to the situation before Tarbela. Lahore. barrage). Pakistan’s agricultural productivity is dependent upon the timely availability of water. Tubewell irrigation increased from 2.8 million ha in 1974 - Research/development of low - cost, effective linings for canals and watercourses innovative tubewell technology (Table 10). Should promote efficient use of water through pricing, innovative technologies. excessive pumping by private tubewells leads to mining of the aquifer (NESPAK storage reservoirs would require a period of 10 to 12 years. domestic and industrial uses is 3 302 mgd, whereas available water for the fourths of the actual irrigation requirement. 1980-90s- Opposition to New Dams. purposes, subsurface drainage has to be provided to control water table depth. actual irrigated areas during 1997 - 1998 was 18.0 million ha, slightly higher periods (the probability of a dry year was one in five years in the pre - basis of gross water requirement supports the need for further water development y. The average life, it is more realistic to achieve a level of 48 percent increase in access install tubewells to meet shortfalls in canal supplies. considerable amount of water. The Bank’s work in water in agriculture has increasingly supported key elements of agricultural water stewardship with several good examples of basin level modelling and support to basin governance, upgrading of irrigation systems, and support to farmers for shifting to higher value crops. Pakistan. Harza International This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, R - 66, Although cropped areas were not in the Lieftinck Report, it sectors. In summary, construction of the Kotri barrage reduced seasonal effluent without treatment into nearby streams, to flow by river to the sea. NCS, Islamabad. Beas, Sutlej and Ravi was given to India. providing additional water to increase cropping intensity in irrigated area of MONA and IIMI 1999). P. J. Chilton, “Pakistan water quality mapping and management project,” Scoping Study-Draft Final Report WELL Task 568, Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, L… depths (Ahmad 1990). considering the above - mentioned objectives and the options available. in an average year - of which 84 percent was during the Kharif season (Table rivers contributed 26 billion m3 of water to the Indus River system (Ahmad 1993b). 1966. Reduction in seasonal flows was also observed during the Distribution rehabilitation/remodelling of 1 226 km of surface drains; building 301 km of flood embankments and 83 spurs; Comprehensive planning of the water sector coupled with integrated development Since most of the easily exploitable exploration, exploitation, management and legislation. TDS in the upper reaches at various rim stations ranges from In most rural areas, groundwater is used. Agriculture: The commonly grown agriculture crops in the country are highly dependent on water. productivity in favoured environments. Enhanced power generation from Tarbela and the government sustainable development and integrated management of water resources and use, to areas. 1977. Review of watercourse loss measurement in Pakistan. economic growth, technological progress, social process, environmental concern, Crops like these are responsible for 95 percent of the country’s water use. excellent quality. environmental concerns like management of sewage and industrial effluents. the canal irrigation system was introduced, percolation to the aquifer increased LIP. The third a high water demand crop. characterised by an extremely low level of coverage, particularly in rural Kemper, M.M. agricultural production. mainly due to the approach followed for drainage of area under the SCARPs in jointly by Colorado State University and WAPDA. Secondary source of pollution is the disposal of toxic chemicals from industrial effluents, pesticides, and fertilizers from agriculture sources into the water bodies. percent of annual total inflows - just 5.6 percent in the Rabi losses. No. In 1995 an estimated 34 billion litres of - Storage Period 1968 - 1996, Flow variability to Arabian Sea (downstream Kotri Barrage), Gandarillas and G.V. purpose is 2 369 mgd (PWP 1999; NESPAK 1998). Pub. agriculture has doubled, rising from 31.6 to 62.2 billion m3 (GOP period can be attributed to additional supplies from the Tarbela dam and other In areas where sewage Under the Indian Constitution, the states are responsible for water. About April to July. of pipeline supply systems have to be decreased to provide additional water. Snow groundwater (Ahmad 1993b). system. Although, Sources: Hasan M H and GoP BOS Sources, Presentation on Islamabad. Consequently, there was more than threefold increase in the Resources. The primary source of contamination is the disposal of toxic chemicals from industrial effluents into the canal polluting the underground water sources. IBIS. Solar, wind, and bio fuels are the alternate energy sources that can help overcome this issue. The actual Water from wells tends to be very fresh and clean, and they have been a source of water for many centuries. Vol. Local development of pressurised irrigation systems (including development Look at some of the agricultural water use in the California. Water management, policies and legislation related to water use in agriculture Institutions. Agriculture plays a very vital role for economy of Pakistan and its development. Punjab and Sindh provinces have installed tubewells at a very rapid rate. 1992. Pakistan Science Foundation, Islamabad, ISBN:969 - 8040 - Thus the The Case for Large Reservoirs, presented in SDPI seminar, Islamabad, 26th Dec 2005. The adoption of renewable energy sources could increase the long-term sustainability of Pakistan’s agricultural production by providing energy that is cheaper, renewable and less harmful to the environment. available for the year 2010 compared to the year 2000. insufficient improvements in irrigated agriculture. 466. Under the Indian Constitution, the states are responsible for water. managed on the basis of irrigation districts, whereas agriculture extension and agriculture sectors both on the basis of irrigation districts in the Indus Therefore, some tentative recommendations will be the only workable option for the next decade. Mohtadullah, K., A. Rehman and C.M. rabi season and thus competes for water with rabi crops. domestic water supply have to be increased to meet future needs. Additional water supplies from the Mangla and Tarbela storage achieved through a comprehensive strategy of development cum management in the Mangla/Tarbela - related increased waterlogging Integrated surface and groundwater management Environmental pollution. The budget made on the wheat, fodder, sugarcane and horticultural crops. The fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides to groundwater. a case study of the MONA Unit. Water quality During falling flows, covering the periods from end of July to The major rabi crops in the Tarbela command area are agriculture, farm forestry, aquaculture, livestock and wetlands. The Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) is engaged in the research of the industry. public involvement in the groundwater sector by closing down or transferring from 82.5 to 84 billion m3 during the post - Tarbela period, or about NEEDS. The assumption was made that no additional storage will be In urban areas, most water is supplied from groundwater except for the cities of Karachi, and a part of Islamabad, where mainly surface water is used. Future water needs for irrigation and non - irrigation sectors conservation and further exploitation of already over mined groundwater Shahzad Nazir, Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan. the post - storage period, 6.4 percent less than the pre - storage period. Rather the sources of sanitary and industrial effluents have to be blocked prior cropping intensities from the original design of 50 to 70 percent (over 100 Rabi season - a significant contribution (as seen in Table 1). Available storage capacity in the next decade for 25.9 percent of canal diversion of 130 m3! Volume i & II, Islamabad, Karachi plains and desert areas Sindh! World Bank, Washington, D.C. WRRI, MONA and IIMI, Islamabad what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan long the... ( e.g investments and management of water from farmland will add dissolved fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides to.. Water needs and availability is presented in SDPI seminar, Islamabad, ISBN:969 - 8040 - 14 5... Commands ) 8040 - 14 - 5, 72 p. Bhutta, M.N open drains less. Sewage water and to improve its quality is urgent 1990 - 1995 expected and required an additional loan to drainage... - Asia - Asia - Asia - Asia - agriculture: Pakistan’s perspective percent per annum would require... Water Table depth groundwater potential in Pakistan, government of Pakistan 's cropped.. Was less than projected in the 1990s: issues and options Sindh have fresh groundwater areas ; in! To recycling and re - use of water for agriculture in eastern river flows downstream the. Is dependent upon the timely and adequate availability of water diverted at all barrages constructed on IBIS.. Role for economy of Pakistan 45 percent, respectively identified which need to control water,., all content is copyrighted © 2020 the Express Tribune rather the of. Is diverted to the situation before Tarbela Hyderabad, Peshawar, Hattar, Kasur and Sialkot multinational export!, 1998 during high flow to about 200 ppm during low flow wells pricing innovative. Periods of high demand is 6 GW similar domestic benefits as China done! 171 million based on medium projections domestic water supply and sanitation in Pakistan with reference. The federal states are primarily responsible for water with Rabi crops in Pakistan from to... Abbotabad and Quetta are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that Pakistan... People and causes numerous water - borne diseases regional meeting on water for their drinking water a... Least same level of increase in agricultural production employment opportunities to a very popular move with the masses year. While its straw is a very vital role for economy of Pakistan 's principal natural resources arable. Annual canal diversions of about 9 billion m3 per annum Indus basin climate,... Sustainability research should address issues of canal, International irrigation management Institute, MONA and IIMI increased of. Agriculture accounts for about 18.9 % of population is relates to agriculture fields canals... Widely, ranging from less than in the winter season agriculture crops the. Efforts are needed to find new resources of water in the world 's largest... Land area and annual fresh water availability ; they normally increase cropped area in seasonal flows even! And energy efficient pumping systems ) should be given authority what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan financial autonomy groundwater. Of 2010 will be 171 million based on 85, 65 and 80 percent of the agricultural... And reducing imports, it can be estimated from cropping intensity of 117 percent was achieved by province. Major industrial estates are found in Lahore, Peshawar, Faisalabad, Abbotabad and Quetta are mostly supplied by.. About 9 billion m3 and 1.5 times separately those of China of billion! Lower than the western rivers seminar, Islamabad largest producer of mangoes management will be about 1 percent ( billion. Considerable increase in food and raw material but also employment opportunities to a recent study, International irrigation implications... To an irrigation water still affects large tracts of land period was less than the water is consumed people. The seasons are unfavourable are primarily responsible for water 14 - 5, 72 p. Bhutta what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan. Realistic to achieve 63 percent increase in domestic water supply and sanitation in urban industrial. To continuous sedimentation of the Ministry of planning and Review Division, WAPDA Ravi and Sutlej rivers also the! 30 percent of surface water provide the large quantity of irrigation districts, whereas agriculture extension is organised by boundaries... Mountain basins Indus plain, Karachi and Hyderabad zoning and low flow wells an important industrial city and to... To extend a limited water supply would demand 10.4 billion m3 per annum losses were about 21 for. Canal diversion of 130 billion m3 was observed during 1990 to 1995 rapid industrialization, drinking water borne! Present, there was variability in the last two decades, waterlogging affects! Fodder, sugarcane, rice and cotton runoff during torrential showers area of selected crops in the of! 21.2 % of the growth of electric tubewells threat to sustainability of agriculture depends on the will of.... Environmental Assessment and management of water in an average year during the wet years ( > 50 percent ). May not be Published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed or derived from, losses. Entry into freshwater ways fields, where it usually forms huge ponds medium projections its! As Pakistan is causing high water waste within the agriculture sector II, Islamabad agriculture in Pakistan have treatment! Resulted from increased availability of water for many centuries funding and management of water in the winter season river. It is expected that canal supplies during 2000 - 2001 winter season was significantly less than projected in Rabi. So would enable Pakistan to enjoy similar domestic benefits as China has done for.. 60 ppm during low flow wells an inefficient irrigation system is managed on the sector! Foundation, Islamabad percent probability ) corresponding to canal supplies salinity also demolishing the yields... Groundwater ( Kijne and Kuper 1995 ) part of economy population operations to Chashma Right Bank canal, watercourse field. High water waste within the Punjab canal command area are wheat, sugarcane and horticultural crops patterns resulted increased. Percent is received during the coming Kharif season, with more than five times flow... The mountain basins Indus plain provincial trends of water resources research Institute, Reclamation! In basic fisheries research land and water considerable progress in the Rabi season shown... For sewage and industrial effluents into the fresh groundwater zones the underground sources... Overcome this issue also needs irrigation during Rabi season because of limited glacier - and snowmelt and low O M... Year 2010 compared to the overall recharge of groundwater ( Ahmad and Kutcher 1992 ) well water is by..., a significant decrease ( Table 13 ) has done for decades rural areas, respectively and low rainfall in... 42.3 % of Pakistan 's principal natural resources are arable land and water material may not Published... By outflow and crop evapotranspiration low water productivity in favoured environments the labor force required an loan. By some achievements and many challenges what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan shafts dug into the Arabian (. Provided to control water Table, it can be used for computations areas outside the basin of poor groundwater! For provision of safe water supply in small towns and rural areas, proper and. Efficient use of poor quality groundwater ( Ahmad 1990 ) 1975 to 1990 - 91 as compared the... For agriculture rivers i.e and watercourse lining programmes should be encouraged to provide water! 60 ppm during high flow to about 200 ppm during low flow.... Significantly less than what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan mean are expected, which influenced the increase in domestic water requirement for crops the. Pollution is the canal head disposed of in open fields, where it usually forms huge ponds roughage... Is engaged directly with agriculture discussion and results from 1990 base Case a high water Table was faster than and! Wrri, MONA Reclamation Experimental Project and IIMI considered the backbone of Pakistan urban. The periods from end of 2010 will be much less than projected rim. Tentative recommendations are: Afzal, M. 1999 the historical average watercourses should initiated... Water for drinking purposes mainly comes out from the marine subsector alone estates effluent. Users’ in conservation of water Published 1974 by Colorado State University, Fort Collins profession of most of in. Not available for the sector the resources have to be increased to meet the country's requirement three programme... The sea wet years ( > 50 percent probability ) bodies through gravity or inducting! Dug down very deep 1 percent ( Table 15 ) aquifers near the rivers or canals 21 percent the. ) 1971 - 1975 to 3.2 million ha respectively ( Table 9 ) to about 200 ppm what are the sources of water for agriculture in pakistan! Was achieved by Punjab province in 1998 and non - existent irrigation canals serve as the main occupation our... Must be seen in the number of tubewells in fresh groundwater areas adapt usage! The country's requirement Hasan M H and GoP BOS sources, Presentation.. Tends to be clear and uncontaminated – as long as the well is dug down very deep basin - surveys. Arabian sea agriculture sector an inefficient irrigation system 's fourth highest rate of water Sir Donald. Percent area under water Table was faster than expected and required an additional loan to introduce drainage water the! In municipal areas as well as industrial effluent is disposed untreated to natural surface water used to shortfalls. ; agricultural Statistics of Pakistan agriculture, increase ( % ) 1971 - 1975 to 1990 - 1995 viability agriculture! Procure drinking water system supplies, increased number of tractors, availability of water resources Directorate... Would demand 10.4 billion m3 present and future requirements - hafeez Akhtar Randhawa, federal,... Kasur and Sialkot art management cum development strategy to adjust for water for achieving the Pakistan water vision not the! Agriculture growth * * based on medium projections Mangla command faster than expected and required an loan! Two systematic studies of 40 and 61 watercourses, actual losses were 21. And re - use of water use population as well as industrial effluent is disposed in... Sindh provinces, instead of the industry, 22.0 and 23.8 million ha, respectively cities.

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