Some varieties of Zoysia grass are hardier than others. However, sometimes only a fertilizer is necessary. The entire state of Texas is known for moderate winters and very hot summers. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a tropical grass that is the most popular turf from Florida to central Texas. It is the most shade-tolerant of the warm-season turfgrasses. For Texas residents, the heat-tolerant Bermuda grass is an obvious, practical choice. While the residents of Houston seldom see temperatures of more than 100 degrees, we do see a lot of days hit 90 degrees or more. That’s why you need to invest in heat-tolerant and drought-resistant grass in Texas for your residential and commercial properties. You can choose from several lawn grass types that are particularly drought-resistant, including El Toro, Empire, and Palisades. All St. Augustine grass turfs require a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Tall fescue sod is moderately tolerant of drought and shade and its use is limited to North Texas. Best Grass for Texas Heat and Drought The recommended fertilizer program begins in the spring. This grass does well in full sun or partial shade. It is established from sod. It is slow growing and coarse-leafed. It is most suited to sports turf, golf course fairways and high-maintenance lawns where the salinity of irrigation water is a concern. Selecting turfgrass involves choosing both an adapted grass species (e.g., bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, zoysiagrass, etc.) Bitterblue grass is a finer, denser St. Augustine grass. They do not tolerate the summer heat and high humidity of most areas of the state. Maps indicate the areas to which the species are adapted: Not all turfgrass varieties mentioned with each grass type (species) may be available in Texas. As a result, you may choose to mow it rarely, if at all. It is adapted from Central Texas to Southern Oklahoma and is an alternative to tall fescue in North Texas. In the Houston area, consult the lawn experts at Zodega TIS for advice on the best Texas heat-tolerant and drought-resistant lawn grass types for Texas heat and drought. There are three main reasons for lawn discoloration happening over winter, the first reason is the type of Saint Augustine grass being grown, some Saint Augustine grass types are more prone to going brown over the winter months… St. Augustine – is very common in Central Texas. Requires less water than St. Augustine. Varieties are available for lawns, golf courses and athletic fields. These new varieties are also more tolerant of heat and shade. Zoysiagrass varieties have improved in recent years and there are two types being produced in Texas. It does not do well in the shade, however, and coverage can occasionally become thin. Common centipedegrass is available as seed and sod. Fortunately, you can choose from several heat tolerant varieties that will work in Texas and lessen the frequency of your lawn watering schedule in Houston. The hybrid or vegetative bermudagrasses are usually denser, darker green, have a finer texture and are more aggressive than the common-type bermudagrass varieties. The hybrid bermudagrasses are better adapted for use on golf course fairways and sports fields than for home lawns. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. Orange = The species may need extra irrigation and maintenance (mowing, fertilization) in this area. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. This browning off can make the lawn unsightly for many homeowners, who then seek to find a solution to this problem of lawn discoloration. There are a lot of reasons to use fertilizer and a variety of blends available. Zoysia – Good in all soil types. However, there are many new turf-type varieties (more than 70) that perform better and have finer leaf texture. Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? St. Augustine grass does enjoy a little shade, so it’s great for lawns with at least a few trees. It grows high but needs a lot of water to do so; St. Augustine grass crowds out most weeds and other grasses; It has a coarse texture and is not cold tolerant; St. Augustine grass does not like heavy traffic and you must mow it high to keep the roots Watering St. Augustine Grass in Texas For new St. Augustine grass, the time of year will determine how long you need to water. Overall, this variety is a hardy and easy-to-manage grass. Many homeowners enjoy the look and feel of the thick green carpet it provides. It does best in full sun and has little tolerance of shade. Zoysiagrass does well on lawns and in recreational areas with only moderate traffic. The standard tall fescue variety K-31, which originated as a forage grass, is still available. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Zoysiagrass has light to moderate shade tolerance, depending on the variety, but is not as shade-tolerant as St. Augustinegrass. Floratam St. Augustine grass was found to be better than Common for the following reasons: It has resistance to SAD virus. The Zoysia matrella varieties include Cavalier, Diamond, Royal, Y-2, Zeon and Zorro. It has resistance to chinch bugs. Many improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties are available as seed. Raleigh St Augustine is the most widely grown variety of St. Augustine in Texas. The more popular varieties (which are established from sod) include Density, Prairie, Prestige and 609. Everyone wants a lush carpet of grass on their lawn, and if you are in Texas then you know St. Augustine grass is one of the best choices of grass types for the climate we have. The Zoysia matrella types have a much finer leaf texture that produces a very dense turf; they require more maintenance (mainly closer and more frequent mowing) than Zoysia japonica varieties (Table 1). Best Time Of Year To Plant A New St Augustine Lawn Posted in Lawn Care . It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. For a lawn that takes very little effort to maintain, buffalo grass is the best option. You may need to adjust your soil before adding grass. It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. St. Augustinegrass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Neither seed nor sod is as readily available at this time as for the other grasses. Named because buffalo did, in fact, graze on it, this grass is a natural choice for drought-resistant lawns. Zoysiagrass Then don’t water again until the grass shows symptoms of drought stress—a dull, bluish color, rolled or folded leaves, and footprints that do not “spri… Buffalo grass grows to about 4-6 inches tall but curls over to make it look shorter. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Floratam St. Augustine. There are many “named” seeded varieties of bermudagrass. Seeded varieties include Arizona Common, Blackjack, Blue-muda, Contessa, Jackpot, LaPaloma, Majestic, Mohawk, NuMex Sahara, Panama, Princess 77, Pyramid, Riviera, Savannah, Shanghai, Shangri-la, Southern Star, SR 9554, Sunbird, Sundevil II, Sunstar, Sydney, Transcontinental, Veracruz and Yukon. It is not well suited to heavily trafficked areas. So what is winter brown off in lawns and why does it occur? Seed, sprigs and plugs generally take longer than bermudagrass to completely cover an area. Garden centers and turf suppliers typically carry only a few varieties. St Augustine grass lawns are extremely thick. It is superior to Texas common St. Augustine grass in its tolerance to downy mildew, gray leaf spot diseases and brown patch fungus. Although finer textured (with a narrower blade) and more tolerant of shade than Floratam, Raleigh develops dense ground coverage. When planted in the high-rainfall areas of East Texas, or when watered excessively, buffalograss is easily invaded by weeds and other grasses. Bitter blue has high cold resistance. St. Augustinegrass has a coarse texture and is used mainly as a lawn grass. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. It can be grown in most of Texas, although it may be killed by severe winters in the northern one-third of the state. Bermuda – Easiest to maintain. Seed is available for many varieties. It’s a low-to-medium maintenance type of grass that forms a thick, carpet-like lawn. 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